Isaiah 29 (2 Nephi 25, 26, 27) a Marvelous Work and a Wonder

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Isaiah 29 and 2 Nephi 27; the Marvelous Work and a Wonder
Isaiah 29 in the Book of Momon is so much more than it is in the Bible and even more, Nephi uses 2 Nephi 25 and 26 to develop his idea of a marvelous work and a wonder. Specifically, he used those words in 2 Nephi 25 when he wrote:

17 And the Lord will set his hand again the second time to restore his people from their lost and fallen state. Wherefore, he will proceed to do a marvelous work and a wonder among the children of men.

Explaining that his work on the plates would become the marvelous work and a wonder that Isaiah had seen in his own vision and recorded in verse 14

14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

Nephi, using Isaiah 29, expanded the twenty-four verses we have in the Bible today by 30 verses, making a total of fifty-four and adding many parts missing from the biblical record.

Victor Ludlow offers several explanations for this difference:

“Isaiah’s original record may have been longer than the King James Version is today. Multiple biblical copying and revisions (and even errors) may have resulted in missing portions of the Isaiah text. Nephi’s version of the book of Isaiah, obtained from the brass plates of Laban, was therefore less edited and corrupted than our earliest available copies today, such as the Dead Sea Scrolls. Thus, the more ancient and complete version is recorded in Nephi’s copy of Isaiah’s words.

“Isaiah’s record may not have been edited and tampered with substantially and was essentially the same size during Nephi’s day as it is today. Nephi simply elaborated upon Isaiah’s words by writing the additional thirty verses of inspired insight. Thus, the Book of Mormon rendition provides both the original prophetic text accompanied by the revealed commentary of another prophet.”1a

Ludlow explained that while “either explanation may be correct …some combination of the two probably provides an accurate representation of fact. Whichever set of facts best explains how the Isaiah text was expanded in the Book of Mormon, Nephi’s adaptation of Isaiah 29 is highly pertinent to us today.1b

Isaiah foresaw that God would do “a marvellous work and a wonder” in the latter days (Isaiah 29:14). Those words of Isaiah echoed in the ears of inhabitants of ancient America: “The Lord will set his hand again the second time to restore his people from their lost and fallen state. Wherefore, he will proceed to do a marvelous work and a wonder among the children of men” (2 Nephi 25:17). That marvelous work would include the coming forth of the Book of Mormon and the Restoration of the gospel. Isaiah was quoted frequently in the Book of Mormon.—Russell M Nelson, Scriptural Witnesses, Nov 2007

For example, as  Latter-day Saints, we see some of Isaiah’s most important prophecies about the restoration of the Gospel in the last days in the words we use in Church. From 2 Nephi we take phrases like “a marvelous work and a wonder” (27:26); “speech [or records] . . . out of the dust” (26:16); “words of the book which were sealed” (27:11); “three witnesses . . . shall testify to the truth of the book” (27:12); and “people draw near unto me with their mouth, and with their lips . . . , but . . . their hearts [are] far from me” (27:25). Obviously, key gospel doctrines and latter-day prophecies come from Isaiah 29.

However, in trying to compare 2 Nephi 27 with Isaiah 29 there is some confusion. First, Nephi does not keep the verses in the same order as the King James Version (KJV). Then he adds his own commentary and likens or applies “passages from Isaiah 29 concerning the destruction of Jerusalem to the destruction of his own people in the Americas… While Nephi applied certain Isaiah passages concerning the inhabitants of Judah to his own people, Isaiah clearly saw events specific to the latter days. In these chapters, Isaiah foretells the coming forth of the Book of Mormon, the visit of Martin Harris to Charles Anthon, the three witnesses, and other events of the Restoration. The prophet Isaiah is a wonderful Old Testament witness of the coming forth of the Book of Mormon.2

The study material I’ve posted below is often referred to as a marvelous work and a wonder, but it might be something more. See if you think so too.

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 THE BOOK OF THE PROPHET
ISAIAH

CHAPTER 29

A people (the Nephites) will speak as a voice from the dust—Darkness and apostasy will cover the earth in the last days—, A restoration of the gospel and coming forth of a sealed book (the Book of Mormon) are foretold—Three witnesses will testify of the book—The learned man will say he cannot read the sealed book—The Lord will do a marvelous work and a wonder—Compare 2 Nephi 27.
(Joseph Smith Translation (JST)  and  changes in the Book of Mormon are in RED; commentary and notes are GREEN )

 The Marvelous Work and a Wonder Proclaimed

King James Isaiah 29

2 Nephi 25

Notes and Commentary

No King James equivalent 17 And the Lord will set his hand again the second time to restore his people from their lost and fallen state. Wherefore, he will proceed to do a marvelous work and a wonder among the children of men. The Nephite text in 2 Nephi 27 adds the introductory verse (24), which has the Lord speaking to Joseph Smith. He announces to this prophet of the restoration the coming forth of “a marvelous work and a wonder” in the latter days. It is of interest to note the similarity of these words recorded by Isaiah and Nephi anciently to those uttered by the Son of God in person to young Joseph Smith during what is known as the First Vision. (JS–H 1:17–19.)3

King James Isaiah 29

Compare
2 Nephi 27

Notes and Commentary

aWoe to bAriel, to Ariel, the city cwhere David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.

No Book of Mormon equivalent; Joseph Smith Translation (JST) 29:1 is unchanged:
W
oe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.

Ariel is the city of Jerusalem. Ariel appears five times in the Old Testament, all in Isaiah 29. The word is commonly translated as “lion of God,” “lioness of God,” or “altar-hearth” of God. The lion is a symbol of Judah (Gen. 49:9).4
[The first two] verses are not quoted by Nephi. However, as the Prophet Joseph Smith worked on his inspired translation of the Bible, he made a slight alteration in verse 2, adding the phrase “for thus hath the Lord said unto me” after the word “sorrow,” and deleting the words “me as” between “unto” and “Ariel.” (JST Isaiah: 29: 2.) Ariel (the city where David dwelt) was Jerusalem. It meant “altar of God” or “hearth of God.” The hearth was the highest tier of the altar of Solomon’s temple and was the place where sacrifices were consumed by fire. “Since the term is used to describe Jerusalem in her distressed condition (the word ‘Zion’ replaces this term in 2 Ne. 27:3), it implies that Judah will need to be humbled and that God’s fire of judgment will refine her.” (Isaiah Prophet, Seer, and Poet, 270–71.) (Gen. 49:9).5

Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and asorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

No Book of Mormon equivalent;
JST: 29:
2 Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow; for thus hath the Lord said unto me, It shall be unto Ariel;

When Joseph Smith translated the Bible, he made a number of notable changes in this section of Isaiah 29. The King James Version second-person forms, thou, thee, and thy, which refer to Jerusalem, are changed to the third-person singular forms her and she in eight instances in verses 3–5 of the Joseph Smith Translation.)6

King James Isaiah 29

Compare
2 Nephi 26

Notes and Commentary

And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.

15 After my seed and the seed of my brethren shall have adwindled in unbelief, and shall have been smitten by the Gentiles; yea, after the Lord God shall have bcamped against them round about, and shall have laid siege against them with a mount, and raised forts against them; and after they shall have been brought down low in the dust, even that they are not, yet the words of the righteous shall be written, and the cprayers of the faithful shall be heard, and all those who have ddwindled in unbelief shall not be forgotten. These verses (3–5) could refer to the nations of Judah and Israel being brought low, or destroyed. The ancient covenant people would then speak “low out of the dust” in the sense that they would speak out of the depths of their humbled condition.
A more probable interpretation of these verses would be their application to the destruction of the ancient Nephite civilization. This is obviously the interpretation Nephi had in mind. This people, because of iniquity and unbelief, were to be “brought down low in the dust, even that they are not.” Yet, even though destroyed as a people without posterity, their words “shall speak …out of the ground, and their speech shall be low out of the dust.” …
[Moroni] was charged with safeguarding those sacred writings. He discharged that duty by concluding the record and safely burying it in a protected place to which he was undoubtedly led.
Over fourteen hundred years later, then a resurrected being, he was divinely directed to deliver the plates “out of the ground” to the young Prophet Joseph Smith. Joseph, in turn, was called to translate the sacred record into what is now known to millions throughout the earth as the Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ. (See JS–H 1:27–54, 59–
60.)
Because Nephi is expounding on Isaiah, rather than simply quoting, his words cast a great deal of light on this passage.
7

And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

16 For those who shall be destroyed shall speak unto them out of the ground, and their speech shall be low out of the dust, and their voice shall be as one that hath a familiar spirit; for the Lord God will give unto him power, that he may whisper concerning them, even as it were out of the ground; and their speech shall whisper out of the dust.

17 For thus saith the Lord God: They shall write the things which shall be done among them, and they shall be written and sealed up in a book, and those who have dwindled in unbelief shall not have them, for they seek to destroy the things of God.

Nephi next applies Isaiah’s words of Jerusalem’s defeat to the downfall of his Nephite nation, highlighting special records that come forth and contain the words (“speech”) of a beleaguered nation. These words have a familiar message or “spirit” to them because they are the words of God as recorded by the ancient prophets (part 3). These scriptures are collected in a special, sealed book (now known in part as the Book of Mormon).8
5 Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly. 18 Wherefore, as those who have been destroyed have been destroyed speedily; and the multitude of their aterrible ones shall be as bchaff that passeth away—yea, thus saith the Lord God: It shall be at an instant, suddenly The wicked shall be tossed to the wind as chaff that is separated from the good seed at harvest time. This could apply to the wicked in the latter days who oppose the Lord’s standard of Zion, or it could have application to the past destruction of the wicked Nephite society: they who were “led about by Satan, even as chaff is driven before the wind.” (Mormon 5:16–18.)9 

The Last Days Will Be a Time of Great Wickedness

King James Isaiah 29

Compare Nephi 27

Notes and Commentary

No King James equivalent  But, behold, in the alast days, or in the days of the Gentiles—yea, behold all the nations of the Gentiles and also the Jews, both those who shall come upon this land and those who shall be upon other lands, yea, even upon all the lands of the earth, behold, they will be bdrunken with iniquity and all manner of abominations—

Nephi paraphrased a few of Isaiah’s words, as recorded in Isaiah 29:2–4, likening the people of Jerusalem to his own people and their destruction (2 Ne. 26:15). The Nephite nation was indeed destroyed according to the words of Nephi in a manner similar to the destruction of Jerusalem.10

6 [Thou] shalt be visited of the Lord of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring afire.x And when that day shall come they shall be avisited of the Lord of Hosts, with thunder and with earthquake, and with a great noise, and with storm, and with tempest, and with the bflame of devouring fire.x The Lord has often used the elements to call people to repentance. He has specifically warned the inhabitants of the earth in the last days that He will speak to them through these voices of nature. (D&C 43:25; 88:89–91; 97:26; Mormon 8:29Behold, I Come Quickly, 25–37.)11

¶ And [the multitude] of all the nations that fight against [Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition], and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.

8  [It shall] even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or [as when] a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that afight against mount 

And all the nations that fight against Zion, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision;

yea, it shall be unto them, even as unto a hungry man which dreameth, and behold he eateth but he awaketh and his soul is empty; or like unto a thirsty man which dreameth, and behold he drinketh but he awaketh and behold he is faint, and his soul hath appetite; yea, even so shall the multitude of all the nations be that fight against Mount Zion.

JST 29:7–8 And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.
Yea, it shall be unto them even as unto a hungry man who dreameth, and behold, he eateth, but he awaketh and his soul is empty; or like unto a thirsty man 
who dreameth, and behold, he drinketh, but he awaketh, and behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite. Yea, even so shall the multitude of all the nations be that fight against mount Zion.

The nations that fight against Jerusalem and Zion will, in the end, have no more lasting satisfaction than does a hungry person who only dreams of eating.12

¶ Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are adrunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink. For behold, all ye that doeth iniquity, stay yourselves and wonder, for ye shall cry out, and cry; yea, ye shall be adrunken but not with wine, ye shall stagger but not with strong drink. Isaiah’s words in verses 9–10 refer to the Great Apostasy, which would occur after the deaths of the Savior and His Apostles. Over time, people changed many gospel principles and the organization of the Church.13
10 For the Lord hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep asleep, and hath closed your beyes: the cprophets and your rulers, the dseers hath he ecovered. For behold, the Lord hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep. For behold, ye have closed your aeyes, and ye have brejected the prophets; and your rulers, and the seers hath he covered because of your iniquity. People would experience “the spirit of deep sleep,” and the prophets and seers would be covered, or removed from the people… the world would fall into a state of spiritual darkness. This falling away from truth is …the Great Apostasy.14

The Book of Mormon Will Come Forth

11 [And the vision of all is become] unto you as the words of a abook

x

x

 …that is bsealed,

And it shall come to pass that the Lord God shall bring forth unto ayou the words of a bbook, and they shall be the words of them which have slumbered.

And behold the book shall be asealed; and in the book shall be a brevelation from God, from the beginning of the world to the cending thereof.

“Many more scriptural writings will yet come to us, including those of Enoch (see D&C 107:57), all of the writings of the Apostle John (see Ether 4:16), the records of the lost tribes of Israel (see 2 Nephi 29:13), and the approximately two-thirds of the Book of Mormon plates that were sealed: ‘And the day cometh that the words of the book which were sealed shall be read upon the house tops; and they shall be read by the power of Christ; and all things shall be revealed unto the children of men which ever have been among the children of men, and which ever will be even unto the end of the earth’ (2 Nephi 27:11). Today we carry convenient quadruple combinations of the scriptures, but one day, since more scriptures are coming, we may need to pull little red wagons brimful with books15
No King James equivalent 8 Wherefore, because of the things which are sealed up, the things which are sealed shall not be delivered in the day of the wickedness and abominations of the people. Wherefore the book shall be kept from them.
No King James equivalent  9 But the book shall be delivered unto a man, and he shall deliver the words of the book, which are the words of those who have slumbered in the dust, and he shall deliver these words unto another;
 No King James equivalent 10 But the words which are sealed he shall not deliver, neither shall he deliver the book. For the book shall be sealed by the power of God, and the revelation which was sealed shall be kept in the book until the own due time of the Lord, that they may come forth; for behold, they reveal all things from the foundation of the world unto the end thereof. The fact that the sealed portion of the plates will not be translated and given to the people while “wickedness and abominations” exist makes us wonder if it might not be until the Millennium before we get the rest of the Book of Mormon.16
No King James equivalent 11 And the day cometh that the words of the book which were sealed shall be read upon the house tops; and they shall be read by the power of Christ; and all things shall be revealed unto the children of men which ever have been among the children of men, and which ever will be even unto the end of the earth.
…the words of the book, which are the words of those who have slumbered in the dust (Book of Mormon prophets), and he (Joseph Smith) shall deliver these words unto another (refers prophetically to the incident in which Martin Harris gave a copy of characters taken from the plates to Professor Charles Anthon; see JS-H 1:63–65); 10 But the words which are sealed (sealed portion of the plates) he shall not deliver (translate etc.
17

The Book of Mormon Plates Will Be Seen Only by Special Witnesses

 

12 Wherefore, at that day when the book shall be delivered unto the man of whom I have spoken, the book shall be hid from the eyes of the world, that the eyes of none shall behold it save it be that three witnesses shall behold it, by the power of God, besides him to whom the book shall be delivered; and they shall testify to the truth of the book and the things therein.

13 And there is none other which shall view it, save it be a few according to the will of God, to bear testimony of his word unto the children of men; for the Lord God hath said that the words of the faithful should speak as if it were from the dead.

14 Wherefore, the Lord God will proceed to bring forth the words of the book; and in the mouth of as many witnesses as seemeth him good will he establish his word; and wo be unto him that rejecteth the word of God!

The three men chosen as witnesses of the Book of Mormon were Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris. Their written ‘Testimony of Three Witnesses’ has been included in all of the almost 100 million copies of the Book of Mormon the Church has published since 1830. These witnesses solemnly testify that they ‘have seen the plates which contain this record’ and ‘the engravings which are upon the plates.’ They witness that these writings ‘have been translated by the gift and power of God, for his voice hath declared it unto us.’ They testify, ‘We declare with words of soberness, that an angel of God came down from heaven, and he brought and laid before our eyes, that we beheld and saw the plates, and the engravings thereon; and we know that it is by the grace of God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, that we beheld and bear record that these things are true’” 18

The Book of Mormon Will Be Translated by the Power of God, Not the Learning of Man

 …which [men] deliver to [one that is] learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee:  15 But behold, it shall come to pass that the Lord God shall say unto him to whom he shall deliver the book: Take these words which are not sealed and deliver them to another, that he may show them unto the learned, saying: Read this, I pray thee. And the learned shall say: Bring hither the book, and I will read them. Martin Harris desired proof that the translation Joseph Smith was making was genuine. He obtained permission to carry a copy of several of the “words” from the plates, together with their translation, to some learned men. Martin Harris …state[d] that he took the copy to Professor Charles Anthon of New York City, who certified that the characters were real and correctly translated. But when Professor Anthon discovered that the record from which the characters were obtained was itself received by supernatural means, he retracted his statement by asking for his certificate back and tearing it to bits. …Anthon said that “if I would bring the plates to him he would translate them. I informed him that part of the plates were sealed and that I was forbidden to bring them. He replied, ‘I cannot read a sealed book.’ I left him, and went to Dr. Mitchell, who sanctioned what Professor Anthon had said respecting both the characters and the translation.” (Joseph Smith—History 1:65.)19
16 And now, because of the glory of the world and to get gain will they say this, and not for the glory of God.
…and [he saith],I cannot; for it is sealed: 17 And the man shall say: I cannot bring the book, for it is sealed.
18 Then shall the learned say: I cannot read it. 
12 [And the book is delivered]to ahim that is not learned, [saying, Read this, I pray thee:] and he saith, I am not learned. 19 Wherefore it shall come to pass, that the Lord God will adeliver again the book and the words thereof to him that is not learned; and the man that is not learned shall say: I am not learned. Now in regard to Joseph Smith’s qualifications or attainments in learning, they were very ordinary. He had received a little education in the common country schools in the vicinity in which he had lived. He could read a little and could write, but it was in such an ordinary hand that he did not venture to act as his own scribe, but had to employ sometimes one and sometimes another to write as he translated. This unlearned man did not make the same reply that the learned man did. For when the book was delivered to this unlearned youth and he was requested to read it, he replied, ‘I am not learned.’ I suppose he felt his weakness when the Lord told him to read this book; for he thought it was a great work.20a
20 Then shall the Lord God say unto him: The learned shall not read them, for they have rejected them, and I am able to do mine own work; wherefore thou shalt read the words which I shall give unto thee. The man called “not learned” in these verses is the Prophet Joseph Smith. He had very little regular schooling when he was young, but that did not matter. As prophesied, “learned” men could not read the gold plates. Joseph translated the Book of Mormon by the “gift and power of God” (see the Title Page to the Book of Mormon).20b
21 Touch not the things which are sealed, for I will bring them forth in mine own due time; for I will show unto the children of men that I am able to do mine own work.
22 Wherefore, when thou hast read the words which I have commanded thee, and obtained the witnesses which I have promised unto thee, then shalt thou seal up the book again, and hide it up unto me, that I may preserve the words which thou hast not read, until I shall see fit in mine own wisdom to reveal all things unto the children of men.

The Lord Is a God of Miracles

 

23 For behold, I am God; and I am a God of miracles; and I will show unto the world that I am the same yesterday, today, and forever; and I work not among the children of men save it be according to their faith.
24 And again it shall come to pass that the Lord shall say unto him that shall read the words that shall be delivered him:
13 ¶ [Wherefore the Lord said], Forasmuch as this people adraw near me with their bmouth, and with their lips do chonour me, but have dremoved their eheart far from me, and their ffear toward me is taught by the gprecept of men: 25 aForasmuch as this people draw near unto me with their mouth, and with their lips do bhonor me, but have removed their chearts far from me, and their fear towards me is taught by the dprecepts of men— This is how “Jesus quoted Isaiah
…as
He answered Joseph Smith’s question as to which church to join, during the first vision.
21
14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvelous work among this people, a marvelous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise shall dperish, and the eunderstanding of their fprudent [men] shall be hid.

26 Therefore, I will proceed to do a marvelous work among this people, yea, a bmarvelous work and a wonder, for the wisdom of their wise and learned shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent shall be hid.

“Isaiah foresaw that God would do ‘a marvelous work and a wonder’ in the latter days…That marvelous work would include the coming forth of the Book of Mormon and the Restoration of the gospel”22

15 Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from theLord, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who bseeth us? and who knoweth us?

16 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter’s clay: for shall the awork say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?

27 And awo unto them that seek deep to hide their bcounsel from the Lord! And their works are in the cdark; and they say: Who seeth us, and who knoweth us? And they also say:
Surely, your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the dpotter’s clay. But behold, I will show unto them, saith the Lord of Hosts, that I eknow all their works. For shall the work say of him that made it, he made me not? Or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, he had no understanding?
    • them = the wicked
    • counsel = evil plots
    • turning of things upside down=perversion of truth
    • potter’s clay (i.e., claiming they can get along without God like the situation described in Isaiah 45:9 where the potter’s clay tries to tell the potter what to do)
    • them= the wicked
    • the work=the pot
    • him=the potter
    • the thing framed= the building or whatever
    • him = the carpenter, craftsman
    • framed it = built it
    • had no understanding (he doesn’t know me;i.e., “God doesn’t know us. We can be wicked and successfully hide from God.” or, “You wicked are just as foolish as potters clay that claims it made itself into a pot and has no accountability to its maker.”)23
17 [Is it not] yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest? 28 But behold, saith the Lord of Hosts: I will show unto the children of men that it is yet a very little while and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field; and the afruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest. Israel will blossom with literal forests and with truth, spiritual growth etc. after the Restoration. This is being very dramatically fulfilled, literally, today, as millions upon millions of trees are being planted in the southern portions of the Holy Land. It appears that significant spiritual growth is yet future.24
18 ¶ And in that aday shall the deaf hear the words of the bbook, and the ceyes of the blind shall see out of dobscurity, and out of darkness. xx 29 aAnd in that day shall the bdeaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness.x The spiritually deaf and blind will hear and see the Book of Mormon, and the meek and poor will rejoice in the Lord. This prophecy may be interpreted both symbolically and literally (for example, sophisticated hearing aids, audio recordings, scriptures in Braille, etc.)25
19 The meek also shall increase their ajoy in the Lord, and the bpoor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.x 30 And the ameek also shall increase, and their bjoy shall be in the Lord, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.x The terms meek and poor seem to refer to disciples of Christ (see Matt. 5:3, “poor in spirit” and Matt. 5:5, “meek”). The number of true disciples of Christ (meek and poor) increases through acceptance and study of the Book of Mormon.26

20 For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that awatch for iniquity are bcut off:30 And the ameek also shall increase, and their bjoy shall be in the Lord, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

x

31 For assuredly as the Lord liveth they shall see that the aterrible one is brought to naught, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off;30 And the ameek also shall increase, and their bjoy shall be in the Lord, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.x The Book of Mormon retains an opening phrase in verse 20 which attributes to the Lord the action referred to in these verses. The Book of Mormon also retains a more definite identification of those spoken of in verse 21. 27

21 That make a man an aoffender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in bthe gate, and cturn aside the just for a thing of nought.

x

x

x

32 And they that make a man an aoffender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the bgate, and cturnaside the just for a thing of naught.

x

x

x

The Lord’s promise is that Satan and his minions will be cut off. They who offend with their words, or who try to entrap those who carry out proper business transactions and legal matters (where such matters were conducted anciently, at the city gate), or who pervert justice for trivial kickbacks will all be cut off. 28

22 Therefore thus saith the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the ahouse of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.xx

33 Therefore, thus saith the Lord, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob: Jacob shall anot now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.x The house of Jacob has been made ashamed, and his face has waxed pale, ever since he was driven away from Lebanon or Canaan, but the Lord has now brought forth out of the ground a book which shall, accompanied by His power, restore the tribes of Jacob from the four quarters of the globe, and establish them in the land of Palestine and Lebanon forever; and His holy name they shall no more profane, but shall be a righteous people throughout all their generations, while the earth shall stand, and they shall possess their promised land again in eternity, never more to pass away; therefore, they shall never again be made ashamed. It is in vain for the Gentiles to seek the conversion of Jacob, and to bring about their great redemption, only in the way that the Lord God of Israel hath predicted and appointed: they may call meetings and conventions to convert the Jews, but let them know assuredly that the book spoken of by Isaiah is to accomplish the salvation of the house of Jacob, and bring about the restoration of all Israel, while the Gentiles who will not receive it and be numbered and identified with the house of Jacob, must surely perish, yea, and they shall be utterly wasted with storm and tempest, with earthquakes and famine, with the flame of devouring fire, and their fruitful lands shall be esteemed as a forest, while Jacob shall dwell in safety forever. 29
23 But when he seeth his children, the awork of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall bfear the cGod of Israel. 34 But when he aseeth his children, the work of my hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.x In a fascinating and ingenious way, Isaiah next portrays Jacob, the father of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, as having been embarrassed over the centuries to admit that the Israelites are related to him. However, in the last days, when Israelites (including us) are strong, faithful saints, Jacob is no longer embarrassed to claim us as his posterity. Rather, he is proud to be our ancestor. 30
24 They also that aerred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall blearn doctrine.

35 They also that aerred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall blearn doctrine.

The restored gospel is so marvelous that even those who follow wrong paths may repent and come to the hearth of truth. 31


Footnotes

(* Headings are taken from The Book of Mormon for Latter-day Saint Families, by Thomas R. Valletta, Deseret Book)
1a&b 
Victor Ludlow,  Unlocking Isaiah in the Book of Mormon, Deseret Book Company, Chapter 20
Bytheway, John, Isaiah For Airheads, Deseret Book Company. Kindle Edition.
3a Hoyt Brewster, Isaiah Plain & Simple, Deseret Book, p 139
3b Brown, Driver, and Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon, 72
Parry, ibid.
5  Brewster, ibid.
Parry, ibid,
Brewster, ibid.
Ludlow,  Unlocking Isaiah in the Book of Mormon, Deseret Book Company, Chapter 20
Brewster, ibid.
10 Parry, ibid

11 
Brewster, ibid.
12 Parry, ibid.
13 Old Testament Guide for Home-Study Seminary Students, Unit 25: Day 1

14 Old Testament Seminary Teacher Manual, Lesson 122
15 Neal A. Maxwell, A Wonderful Flood of Light, 1990, BYU Devotional
16 David Ridges,  The Book of Mormon Made Easier Part 1, p. 292, Cedar Fort, Inc. Kindle Edition.
17 
Dallin H. Oaks,  Ensign, May 1999, 35
18 Old Testament Student Manual Kings-Malachi, pp. 161–69.
19 Joseph Smith—History 1:65
20a&b Orson Pratt, Journal of Discourses,15:186
21 David Ridges,  The Book of Mormon Made Easier 
22 Ridges, ibid
23 David Ridges, Isaiah Made Easier, Cedar Fort, Inc. Kindle Edition.
24 David Ridges,  The Book of Mormon Made Easier 
25Ogden, D. Kelly, Verse by Verse, Old Testament: Volume TwoDeseret Book Company. Kindle Edition.
26 Parry, ibid.
27 Nyman, Monte S., Great are the Words of Isaiah  Cedar Fort, Inc.. Kindle Edition.
28 Ogden, ibid.
29 Elder Orson Pratt, Works, p. 278; (see also 2 Nephi 25:17-18; 29:1-2.)
30 David Ridges,  The Book of Mormon Made Easier 
31
Christensen, Reg. Unlocking Isaiah, Covenant Communications Inc.. Kindle Edition


Chapter Links to the Book of Isaiah
(those in blue are posted others are pending)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

 

Chapters of Isaiah Quoted in the Book of Mormon

1 Nephi 20 21
2 Nephi  7  8  12  13 14 15  16  17
18 19 20 21 23 24  27
Mosiah  14
3 Nephi  20  22

 

Other Isaiah passages quoted in the Book of Mormon

1 Nephi 22:15–17
2 Ne 6:6–7
2 Ne 6:16-18
2 Ne 8:24-25
2 Ne 9:50-51
2 Ne 30:9
2 Ne 30:11-15
Mosiah 12:21-24
Mosiah 15:29-31
3 Ne 16:18-20
(does not exist in the King James Version)
Isa 49:23
Isa 49:24-26
Isa 52:1-2
Isa 55:1-2
Isa 11:4
Isa 11:5-9
Isa 52:7-10
Isa 52:8-10
Isa 52:8-10

 

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I am a retiree from Scouting. There I blogged for VoiceOfScouting.org, a site with more than 250,000 readers. During 42 years in the workplace, I've had many years senior level management with the BSA, professional associations, and high tech user groups. My background includes capital fundraising; outdoor adventure program development; property and construction management; event/conference planning; risk management and safety; lobbying federal, state and local government agencies; public relations; strategic planning; member advocacy and staff/volunteer training. Along the way, I have also taught Gospel Doctrine Classes and been both the ward and stake Sunday School President. In these settings, I have seen teachers and class members minimize Isaiah, a book Christ has commanded us to "search diligently." (3 Ne 23:1) With that in mind, I will do my best to explore and post my discoveries about the book of Isaiah. I am not a Bible scholar; like you, I read Isaiah in the Old Testament cycle of study in LDS Gospel Doctrine Classes and again in the Book of Mormon Cycle, so this is a whole new scripture adventure for me.

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